||Community Based Pro-Poor Initiative
Strengthening livelihood For women's empowerment
of India - UNDP
||Start: September, 1999
||40 villages in Lalganj block of Mirzapur
60 villages in Halia block of Mirzapur district
Total villages: 100
||14000 families from economically and
socially marginalized groups including women, Adivasis,
landless agriculture workers, child labourers
||36% of India’s population lives
below the poverty line. The poor and the underprivileged
have not gained from the national development process.
1. Support national efforts towards empowerment of communities
for poverty alleviation through a process of social mobilization
and people centred development.
2. Assist in training and capacity building of organizations
of the poor
3. Facilitate creation of family and community assets and support
demand driven social services
4. Build alliances and partnerships amongst various interest
groups in order to mainstream the lessons of pilot initiatives
into macro policy and programmes
5. Support pro-poor policies for creating an enabling environment.
The following activities were planned to achieve the objective
of mobilising existing community groups in sub-programme villages
to take action on issues of livelihood security and access to
1. Orientation for 1000 CREDA volunteers on the objectives and
strategy of the sub-programme, and issues of livelihood security,
sustainable natural resource management and gender equality
through regular meetings and grassroots level workshops.
2. Village meetings of existing groups to discuss the sub-programme
strategy and collectively affirm a broad plan of action.
3. Initiation of resource mapping and entitlements mapping in
sub-programme villages in partnership with women's groups.
4. Norms for setting up and managing community development fund
(Samooh Sahyog Kosh) developed by groups in partnership with
5. Village meetings organised by community groups in partnership
with CREDA and with participation of panchayat functionaries
and Block officials, for sharing of details of government schemes
and for transparent selection of beneficiaries under each scheme.
6. Identification in open meetings, of marginal farmer and artisan
families to be supported from the community development fund,
on the basis of collectively agreed criteria.
Women's groups were
organised in each of the sub-programme villages to take collective
action on issues of livelihood security and access to entitlements.
Activities to this objective included;
7. Selection of 20 women organisers and orientation on the basic
framework of sustainable livelihoods, participatory gender analysis
and group organisation methodologies and the objectives and
strategies of CREDA in general and the subprogramme in particular.
8. Initiation of regular village visits and group meetings by
women organisers, to establish rapport with village women and
to discuss issues and share sub-programme strategies.
9. Identification of individual skills, strengths and resources,
as well as common property resources by each woman’s group.
10. Participation by women's group in village resource mapping
and entitlement mapping exercises.
11. Identification of degraded and marginal land for setting
up fuel and fodder lots.
12. Identification of self-employed women who are to be given
working capital loans from the village development fund.
13. Initiation of a movement for functional literacy and numeracy
for all members of women's groups.
and empowerment objectives were achieved by setting up women's
carpet manufacturing centres in at least 10 villages.
14. Cluster-level meetings to identify villages where centres
can be set up and women who can join.
15. Village meetings of identified women to plan for setting
up and managing centres and developing norms for functioning.
16. Identification of land and construction of centres by community
groups. Acquisition of 5 looms and other tools and equipment
for each centre.
17. Skill training in carpet weaving for identified women.
18. Basic training in enterprise management including accounting,
inventory control and marketing for members of carpet production
19. Training in child care and pre-primary education for selected
women. Interactions with established loom owners for sourcing
20. Establishment of linkages with established buyers and the
Carpet Export Promotion Council for marketing of carpets.
21. Monitoring of functioning of centres and community cottage
schools by community groups/women's groups.
Collective action by
community groups/women's groups to regenerate wasteland and
common property resources.
22. Orientation, training and exposure visits for selected CREDA
volunteers, women organisers and members of community groups/women's
groups, to build perspective on issues of common property resources
and natural resource management.
23. Village-level exercises to identify common lands and wastelands
and plan for their regeneration and development.
24. Community groups/women's groups to examine and decide on
proposals for support from community development fund for cultivation
25. Action by community groups/women's groups and CREDA, to
develop proposals for watershed development and access existing
resources to take up activities for development of selected
To enable effective
and collective action to address community health issues the
following activities were done.
26. Creation of a pool of knowledge and competence at the community
level, on preventive and promotive health issues.
27. Village meetings to identify members of community groups/women's
groups who can become health workers.
28. Training and exposure visits for 200 health workers as well
as 100 CREDA volunteers and women organisers, to orient them
to basic preventive and promotive health issues.
29. Training for 100 CREDA school teachers and childcare workers
in basic health monitoring and first aid.
30. Establishment of linkages with women's health groups and
health NGOs for training and resource support in health.
31. Village-level training camps for 50 traditional birth attendants,
with focus onmanagement of childbirth, diagnosis and primary
treatment of some common gynaecological problems.
32. Workshops with women's groups to identify, share and document
traditional health knowledge, including herbal and kitchen remedies.
33. Preparation and dissemination of pictorial teaching/learning
materials on preventive and promotive health, women's health,
nutrition, contraception and traditional remedies.
34. Organisation of village health camps and health melas by
community groups/women's groups every quarter.
Women's /community groups
addressed immediate issues of children's health and nutrition
35. Workshops at the cluster level with representatives of community
groups/women's groups, local doctors and PHC staff, to develop
village action plans and set targets for community action on
health issues every quarter.
36. Action by CREDA, panchayats, community groups/women's groups
to dialogue and link with UNICEF, the UP Water Corporation,
CAPART and the Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission
for provision of tubewells in unserved villages.
37. Health screening camps organised every quarter by women's
groups, to identify and refer children with disabilities, eye
and eat infections and protein-energy malnutrition.
38. Planting of nutrition gardens and fruit trees by women's
groups and children around schools and carpet centres, and on
39. Action by women's groups to monitor mid-day meal programmes
in villages where primary schools are functioning.
40. Action by women's groups to organise cluster-level immunisation
camps. Mobilisation of youth groups and children for 'clean
Successes – Features/
· 100 SHGs have started small income generation activities
as per collective decisions.
2,896 meetings of SHGs have been held and 1,990 women are being
empowered and they are taking action through platforms provided
· Community Development Fund is being revolved by SHGs
for meeting their requirements.
SHG leaders have started carrying on bank operations on their
Small credit process started by SHGs as per requirement and
decision of group members.
· Training in operation and management of SHGs has been
provided to 200 SHGs leaders (Presidents and Treasurers) and
40 Community Organisers.
Functional Literacy training imparted to 200 SHGs leaders, who
in turn provided training to their respective SHG members.
One exposure trip to Indian Vegetable Research Institute, Varanasi
has been organised for SHGs members and Community Organisers.
· Participation of women in SHGs has changed their mindset
resulting in beginning of a new journey for them. Women's groups
actively participated in the open village level Panchayat meetings
and gave their valuable suggestions on the prospects of livelihood,
village development and education.
· They ensured their participation with block level government
officials to ensure widow pension and old age pension and made
efforts to improve upon public distribution system.
· 131 rural women health workers trained on First Aid
and Reproductive Health. They are providing support to the people
as per requirements.
100 project villages covered under health check-up programmes
through village health camps with participation of project doctor,
women health workers and project staff.
· 10 durrie weaving training centres have been started
in 10 project villages.
500 women have been trained in durrie weaving and 500 more women
have been identified for the next batch of durrie weaving training.
The community has provided Temporary premises for durrie weaving
training. Construction of two durrie weaving training centre
(under one roof) buildings has been completed and that of third
is nearing completion. The two completed centres are now functional.
One godown (for the storage of raw materials and final products
of durrie centres) has been constructed and is being used.
· Core team members of the district, block and village
level monitored the progress of the project and gave need-based
guidance and training.
· Prof. BN Juyal, a senior consultant, has been engaged
for conducting study on Poverty, Entitlements and Human Rights.
The study started in November 2002.
One of the potential problems being faced by CREDA is the general
impression among the landlords in project areas that once the
women are given wages at par with men, their profit share will
decline. This is the immediate fallout of the 'women empowerment'
propagated by CREDA.
This is the first time in the history of the area that dalits,
backward and minority women have started organising themselves
around the issues affecting them. The ruling class and landed
gentry in the area are trying their best to demoralise the women
and spreading rumours about the NGO, which can lead to some